4. Be careful how you draw the storyboards or website design (or Twitter page or Facebook page - whatever comes up). remember what you are being asked to do - remember to annotate then carefully, to provide edits, camera distances, to use the studio ident, ticker, time, email, twitter links with the astons (name captions). If you don't have time to add colour, just note down what the colour scheme is.
BBC News website:
5. Perhaps you should allow for some colloquial language to make it easier for your target audience to relate to the show. You will need to show how your programme will attract an audience.
6. What's on the other channels? News programmes? Quizzes? Hollyoaks? What about other channels? Remember, you're competing with them, which is why you need a lively set design, lively young presenters, possibilities for interactivity to give the audience a sense of ownership so it will be more likely to watch it.
7. An understanding of the way audiences consume TV news. For this you need to understand Uses and Gratifications and how a news programme can meet all FOUR needs - that is, how your programme attracts its target audience (you'll also need to talk about eMedia here). It's pretty easy, really. . Not only will you have to be able to apply Uses and Gratifications but you will also be able to talk about how your show and the way it approaches news stories appeals to/attracts its audience - i.e. uses some citizen journalist material, perhaps has a "And finally" section that consists solely of User Generated material that has been submitted by the audience (though obviously cleared by your gatekeeper).
See here: http://heworthgcsemediastudies.blogspot.co.uk/2015/04/tv-news-audience-and-theory.html
8. You will need to be able to apply Galtung and Ruge's News Values to your story selection to explain WHY a particular story is worth broadcasting. See here: http://heworthgcsemediastudies.blogspot.co.uk/2015/04/tv-news-news-values-why-stories-make.html
9. Interactivity - the exam paper will stress the importance of eMedia - that is, new technology - the internet, social networks (Twitter, Facebook, websites etc). Remember that Buzzfeed is an enormously popular website with the target audience but also remember that your brief talks about a news channel that takes pride in what it does, so you can't go that downmarket.
You want to keep above the level of sensationalism that Buzzfeed also relies on, but you also need enough links (possibly non-straight forward news links...) to engage the audience.. You will need to reference the fact that your show has a website with a message board for people to leave comments and feel that they are contributing. A Twitter and Facebook link - and anything else you can think of. Maybe the last, "And finally" section on your programme can be one for which the show invites User Generated Content. Maybe audience tweets or emails can be invited for some stories and put on the screen, as with the Newsround examples posted below. Stress that you'd have to be selective about this because you can't do this with major tragedies.
10. 24 hour rolling news programmes need to have ticker - so make sure you draw it in. You must use the studio ident - probably top right, like Sky; perhaps the time at the top left - 24 hour clock, if you can manage it. The ticker can be used for breaking news!
11. Bias - you may need to point out the dangers of bias - look at the YouTube videos posted so you can at least refer to actual examples. You will also need to refer to the kind of regulations that exist for the BBC and non-Public Service Broadcasters (so look at Ofcom) - look at the slideshare on bias and representation below and look at the videos..
All news is biased to some extent. It's in the nature of the format. The very selection of stories implies bias against others - look at bias by selection here: http://heworthgcsemediastudies.blogspot.co.uk/2015/04/tv-news-representation-and-bias.html
12. Does regulation always work?
The BBC is supposed to be regulated by its Public Service Broadcasting Charter; commercial channels are supposed to be regulated by Ofcom. See here: http://heworthgcsemediastudies.blogspot.co.uk/2015/04/tv-news-regulation.html
However, there are still claims of bias.
Evidence of bias - Labour politician Tony Benn went to Orgreave, a scene of confrontation between striking miners and the police in June 1984. BBC news showed miners hurling rocks at the police and then the police counter-charging. Benn spoke to a number of people, including BBC journalists who said what really happened was that the police charged first. When he challenged the broadcast version, the BBC admitted a mistake had been made but put it down to editing under pressure.
Evidence of bias - Here's another view of the BBC from Russia Today, an English language rolling news programme sponsored by Russia that is generally critical of UK and US governmental policy - in other words, it too is biased and here it, ironically, reports bias:
Evidence of bias - However, the BBC is also criticised from the right as being too biased against them too.
The poster of this YouTube video was a UKIP supporter.
Evidence of bias - UKIP leader Nigel Farage claimed the BBC showed bias against UKIP during the 2015 election debated by filling the audience with people who didn't support his party, so it was generally critical of him! It would seem that BBC News is critcised by all political sides of the coin, despite being governed by its public service charter...
Evidence of bias - Here's Labour politician Alistair Campbell clashing with Sky News' Adam Boulton because he heels he is biased against Labour and in favour of the Conservative Party in the 2010 election:
13. The exam will undoubtedly imply that people of the target audience range no-longer prefer to access news via the television though overall, TV, especially the BBC, remains the number one source of news for the vast majority of people, and while television is still the major platform through which to access the news, the proliferation in hardware means it is increasingly accessed on a variety of other platforms, including handheld devices. BBC news remains the most popular because of its long history of broadcasting and the trust it hias established over the years. All traditional news broadcasters also use eMedia to help maintain or increase their audience. See http://heworthgcsemediastudies.blogspot.co.uk/2015/04/news-and-internet.html
14. The examiners seem keen to push the idea that in the age of Web 2.0, ordinary people can become prosumers with a potential audience of millions and challenge the hold TV news (and by extension, radio and newspaper) has over the country, by using social networks to post news, by re-blogging news, by challenging stories on YouTube, by uploading their own User Generated Content onto their own blogs or social network sites. BIG problem here is that this is unregulated. Take the example above of the UKIP supporter criticising BBC coverage. Look at it on YouTube and view the half-baked comments below.
If you want to scare yourself, try looking at The Guardian website at any political or foreign news story and then look at the comments by the members of the public below the story. They range from the sensible to the totally unhinged. In the age of Web 2.0, where anyone can create a blog, get Facebook or open a Twitter account, they can act as their own gatekeeper and surely there is the danger of biased and even dangerously unhinged people 'broadcasting' their version of the news...?
15. Remember to start each part of the answer by addressing the person who sent the email/letter that will form the basis of the exam. You must respond in role e.g. Dear sir, let me tell you what I think are the three major conventions of a television news programme Dear sir/madam, here are my ideas for a TV news programme aimed at a target audience of... And so on...